The Mission of God in Romans


The book of Romans is a letter written by Paul to the Romans, introducing himself and his message prior to his arrival in Rome. The main themes that are presented in this letter are the righteousness of God that leads to salvation and spreading the good news. Together, these themes convey the mission of God to glorify Himself among all people and His mission to send intermediaries to do His will so that His purposes are accomplished.

The Mission of God to Glorify Himself among All People and Send Intermediaries to Accomplish His Purposes:

The Righteousness of God That Leads to Salvation–

The theme of the righteousness of God that leads to salvation conveys God’s mission to glorify Himself amongst all people and is dealt with in Romans 1 and 10. Paul says in Romans 1:16-17, “For I am not ashamed of the gospel…that brings salvation to everyone who believes: first to the Jew, then to the Gentile. For in the gospel the righteousness of God is revealed…” (Rom 1:16-17, NIV). He also says in Romans 10:1-4, “my heart’s desire…for the Israelites is that they may be saved…Since they did not know the righteousness of God…they did not submit to God’s righteousness. Christ is the culmination of the law so that there may be righteousness for everyone who believes” (Rom 10:1-4). These verses plainly demonstrate that the righteousness of God not only brings salvation but it brings salvation to all people, to both the Jew and the Gentile. He has the power to save all.

When a person hears the gospel, they are hearing about God’s faithfulness and His redeeming love which then reveals to them the righteousness of God, allowing them to become open to salvation. Paul explains in Romans 1 and 10 that God’s righteousness is revealed to everyone who believes and is saved and therefore all people have the opportunity to be declared righteous before God. Thus, through the unveiling of His righteousness, God’s mission to glorify Himself amongst all people is accomplished.

Spreading the Gospel

Spreading the good news is presented in Romans1, 10 and 15 and directly relates to the mission of God to glorify Himself amongst all people as well as His mission to use intermediaries to do His will to accomplish His purposes.

As a Christian, a person is called to spread the gospel to the world. Those who receive the gospel and become Christians are also called to be dedicated to the LORD’s work by continuing to spread the gospel. Those who spread the gospel are God’s intermediaries, whom he has chosen, to do His will and to accomplish His purposes. By spreading the gospel around the world, God’s mission to glorify Himself amongst all people is also fulfilled.

Romans 1:5 is an example of God sending intermediaries to accomplish His work. Paul says, “Through him and for his name’s sake, we received grace and apostleship to call people from among all the Gentiles to the obedience that comes from faith” (Rom 1:5, NIV). Paul explains that through Jesus Christ, the apostles received forgiveness and it is because of the forgiveness that they received that it became their obligation to share the message of forgiveness to others so that too might experience God’s grace. God sent used His apostles as intermediaries (specifically Paul in Romans), to spread the gospel so that His name might be glorified.

Romans 10:14-15 also shows us that it is God who sends intermediaries to do His work so that others may hear the good news for, “…how can they believe in the one of whom they have not heard? And how can they hear without someone preaching to them? And how can they preach unless they are sent?” No one can attain faith in Christ without hearing of Him. Faith in Christ is only attainable by hearing of the word. Therefore, God equips men to preach to the gospel message to all people so that they may hear about His sacrifice for them, His grace and His righteousness. Ultimately, God has a mission to glorify Himself amongst all people and we are the vessels that He uses to fulfill His mission.

.In summary, the spreading of the gospel allows God’s righteousness to be revealed so that all people may receive salvation. By the revelation of His righteousness to both Jews and Gentiles, His name is glorified amongst all people. When one receives salvation by the revelation God through the gospel, it becomes the responsibility of those who are saved to spread the gospel.

God will equip those whom He has sent, to preach the gospel, using them as intermediaries to do His will and accomplish his purposes so that His name will be glorified. As Paul and the apostles felt that they were called to preach God’s message, we should also feel called to spread the gospel and we should pray that God equips us to preach it in a way that we are not seen but His name is glorified.

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